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Men's Shoe Size Conversion Chart and The History of Shoes from Prehistoric Times to Ancient Rome

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Use our handy men's shoe size conversion chart to convert between sizes of different countries. Just find your own country and read across the table horizontally to find your size. Then go up or down the same column that your size is in to the equivalent size in the country of your choice.

You should be aware that some brands have differing size equivalents in other countries to other brands.  The information in this, and any size converter should therefore be taken as a guideline only.  If possible it is always best to try on the shoes to ensure that you choose the correct size, especially if you're in a foreign country and have never bought shoes in their local sizes before. 

USA and Canada 3 4 4 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9 9.5 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5 14
UK 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9 9.5 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5
Europe 35 35.5 36 37 37.75 38.35 38.8 39.5 40.25 41 42 43 43 44 44.25 45 45.5 46 46.5 47 47.5 48.5
Australia 3 4.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9 9.5 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5
Japan 21.5 22 22.5 23 23.5 24 24.5 25 25.5 26 26.5 27.25 28.25 28 28.75 29 29.5 30 30.5 31 31.5 31.5
Brazil 33 33 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 39 40 41



4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9 9.5 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13
Russia and Ukraine 33 34 35 35.5 36 36.5 37 37.5 38 38.25 38.5 39


Korea (millimetres) 228 231 235 238 241 245 248 251 254 257 260 267

286 289
Inches 9 9.125 9.25 9.375 9.5 9.625 9.75 9.875 10 10.125 10.25 10.5

11.25 11.375
Centimeters 22.8 23.1 23.5 23.8 24.1 24.5 24.8 25.1 25.4 25.7 26 26.7

28.6 28.9
Mondopoint 228 231 235 238 241 245 248 251 254 257 260 267

286 289

The History of Shoes from Prehistoric Times to Ancient Rome

From original appearances tied purely to functionality, shoe designs have changed enormously across time and in different cultures. In today's world, as well as providing protection and comfort to our feet, shoes are often considered to be a stylish accessory. Fashion has often dictated  many elements of design, like the height of heels. Contemporary footwear varies widely in style, complexity and cost. A basic sandal can consist of a thin sole and a simple fastening. Fashionable shoes however can be made of very expensive materials in complex designs and sold for thousands of dollars for a pair. Other shoes are for very specific activities like mountain climbing or skiiing.

There is evidence that the history of the shoe goes back to around 10,000 B.C. in other words, in the end of the Paleolithic period, as paintings dating back to that time, in caverns in Spain and the south of France, make reference to footwear. The first shoes were often simple none-too-reliable foot bags made of leather or similar animal skins, worn to protect to the wearer's feet from stones, debris, and cold. Other shoes in prehistoric times were made with wood or brush. Amongst stone utensils left by cavemen, several exist that served to scrape animal skins. 

The oldest actual physical archaeological findings testify that shoes go back to around 9,000 BC.  Shoes from this time, made from sagebrush twine, were found in Fort Rock Cave in Oregon in the United States of America in 1938.  The Fort Rock shoes were similar to slip-on sandals in their design, with rope attachments which probably wound around the wearer's lower legs to secure them in place.

The first evidence of leather shoes dates back to 4,000 BC. Shoes from this time have been discovered in Armenia,   These were made of a single piece of brown leather, shaped to wrap around the foot and kept in place by a separate piece of leather tied through slits at the top of the shoes, like laces through laceholes.
In temperate regions, ancient shoes were very simple and, like the Fort Rock Cave shoes, were similar to modern sandals, whereas in colder regions, shoes covering the whole foot were used. The production of a shoe was a complex process for the age, therefore these objects were considered luxury articles.

As the ages of history progressed, shoes became more commonly worn. 

Many people attribute the invention of the art of tanning leather and of manufacturing shoes to the Egyptians.  In Egyptian underground burial tombs aged between six and seven thousand years old, paintings have been discovered which represent several different states of the preparation of leather and footwear.  In Ancient Egypt, the leather sandals would have been worn by the wealthy and noblemen  whereas the Egyptian commoners would have sandals made of woven fibres of palm trees, straw or papyrus.  It was common to walk around bare-footed,  carrying a pair of sandals and only wearing them when necessary. Pharaohs such as Tutankhamunwas wore sandals and shoes made from simple leather, but with the addition of golden embellishments.  Another of the first historical documentations of footwear is from the ancient Egyptian period on the Narmer Pallette . Dating back to around 3200 BC, and discovered in 1898, the Narmer pallette is a tablet of dark green schist which features a number of different scenes on its two sides.  On one of the scenes the Pharoah Narmer is followed by a servant carrying a pair of sandals.

Although sandals were the most common footwear in antiquity, other types were also used. A leather design in the shape of a moccasin was tied to the foot with leather cords and was used mainly in Babylon around 1600 BC. In Mesopotamia it was common for shoes from raw leather to be tied to the feet with strips of the same material. Boots were symbols of high social status.  Very wide soles were used in desert regions, in order to prevent sinking into the sand. In the Middle East, blocks were added to raise the shoes and their wearer's feet from the burning desert sand.

From 500 BC, Greek women of high class women adopted similar leather designs, fit snugly to the foot.

As for the ancient Romans, as seen in  paintings and frescoes, sandals were the most commonly worn shoes. Different styles of footwear, with various paterned designes indicate that Romans were already setting fashion tends with their footwear.
Similar to Egypt, in Ancient Rome, the shoe was also an indication of social class. Consuls wore white shoes, Senators sported brown shoes attached by four black leather strips tied in two knots, and the traditional shoe of the legions was the short boot with open toes.
The Romans were the first to establish shoemakers' unions around 200 B.C..
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Shoe Size Conversion Charts and Fascinating Facts about Shoes
Men's Shoe Size Conversion Chart and The History of Shoes from Prehistoric Times to Ancient Rome
Women's Shoe Size Conversion Chart and The History of Shoes from the Middle Ages to the Industrial Age of the 19th Century
Boys' Shoe Size Converter and The History of Shoes in the Modern Age
Girls' Shoe Size Converter plus Shoes in Fairy Tales, Legends and Mythology

Please link to this page from your website or social profile page to let other know about these useful charts. You can also bookmark Springfrog's Men's Shoe Size Conversion Chart and The History of Shoes from Prehistoric Times to Ancient Rome to easily come back any time you need to get international footwear sizing equivalents.

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